Part-time employees are those who render less than the prescribed 48-hour workweek.

The following are the employment arrangements recognized by the Labor Code: regular, probationary, casual, project, seasonal, and fixed-term.

Part-time employment is defined as a reduction of the prescibed work hours in the Labor Code: 48-hour workweek.

Accordingly, part-time employment is not one of those employment arrangements in the Labor Code since it concerns only with work hours below the 48-hour workweek.
For example, part-time employees usually render 3 day work only (e.g. Monday, Wednesday, and Friday) or less than 8 hour work per day (4 hour workday).

Thus, a part-time employee may be classified as:

  • Part-time Regular Employee
  • Part-time Probationary Employee
  • Part-time Casual Employee
  • Part-time Project Employee
  • Part-time Seasonal Employee
  • Part-time Fixed-Term Employee

In all of those situations, the employee falls under one of those employment arrangements in the Labor Code. It just so happens that the part-time employee renders work less than the prescribed 48-hour workweek.

Generally, and unless otherwise excluded by Labor Law or DOLE Regulations, part-time employees have the same rights and benefits as other employees.